Adding scoring profiles to Azure Search indexes

Azure Search computes a search score for every item returned in search results. The score indicates an item’s relevance in the context of the given search operation and determines the order of the item in the set of search results.

You can adjust the default scoring for a search index by adding a scoring profile. Scoring profiles allow you to increase the scoring weight of fields, or boost items based on specific field values and calculations.

For detailed information, refer to the Add scoring profiles to a search index article.

To add a scoring profile for an Azure Search index managed by Xperience, you need to customize the functionality that Xperience uses to build the indexes:

  1. Open your Xperience solution in Visual Studio.
  2. Create a custom module class.
  3. Override the module’s OnInit method and assign a handler to the SearchServiceManager.CreatingOrUpdatingIndex.Execute event.
  4. Perform the following in the event’s handler method:
    1. Access the Microsoft.Azure.Search.Models.Index object representing the processed index via the Index property of the handler’s CreateOrUpdateIndexEventArgs parameter.

    2. Write conditions to assign different scoring profiles for specific indexes.

    3. Prepare a Microsoft.Azure.Search.Models.ScoringProfile object according to your requirements and add it to the ScoringProfiles list of the processed index.


      The system triggers the CreatingOrUpdatingIndex event both when building new indexes and when updating indexes that already exist under the specified Azure Search service. Depending on the number of indexed pages or objects and the used batch size, the event may occur multiple times when building a single search index (separately for each batch of processed search documents that include a new field not yet contained by the index).

      Your code needs to handle the following scenarios:

      • The index already contains a scoring profile with existing configuration.
      • The index does not yet contain all possible fields (for example in cases where the first processed batch of search documents does not include an object with the required fields).See the code of the example below.
  5. Also deploy the custom module class to your live site application (otherwise indexing may not work correctly for changes performed through the live site).
  6. Open the administration interface.
  7. Open the Smart search application and Rebuild any related Azure Search indexes.

The system creates the customized Azure Search indexes with the specified scoring profile. You can see the profile when viewing index details in the Microsoft Azure portal.

You can now use the scoring profile to adjust the relevance of search results – you need to specify the name of the scoring profile in the SearchParameters of your search requests within the implementation of your search functionality.


The following example demonstrates how to create a basic scoring profile for an Azure Search index named dg-store. The sample scoring profile increases the weight of the skuname field and uses a freshness function to boost products that were created in Xperience within the last two days.

Start by preparing a separate project in your Xperience solution for the custom module class:

  1. Open your Xperience solution in Visual Studio.
  2. Add a custom assembly (Class Library project) with class discovery enabled to the solution, or re-use an existing assembly.
  3. Reference the project from both your live site and Xperience administration (CMSApp) projects.

Continue by implementing the custom module class:

  1. Create a new class named CustomAzureSearchModule under the SearchCustomization project, with the following code:

     using System;
     using System.Collections.Generic;
     using System.Linq;
     using CMS;
     using CMS.DataEngine;
     using CMS.Search.Azure;
     using Microsoft.Azure.Search.Models;
     // Registers the custom module into the system
     [assembly: RegisterModule(typeof(CustomAzureSearchModule))]
     public class CustomAzureSearchModule : Module
         // Module class constructor, the system registers the module under the name "CustomAzureSearch"
         public CustomAzureSearchModule()
             : base("CustomAzureSearch")
         // Contains initialization code that is executed when the application starts
         protected override void OnInit()
             // Assigns a handler to the CreatingOrUpdatingIndex event for Azure Search indexes
             SearchServiceManager.CreatingOrUpdatingIndex.Execute += AddScoringProfile;
         private void AddScoringProfile(object sender, CreateOrUpdateIndexEventArgs e)
             Microsoft.Azure.Search.Models.Index index = e.Index;
             // Ends the handler method if the index name is not 'dg-store'
             if (!index.Name.Equals("dg-store", StringComparison.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase))
             // Creates a dictionary containing the index's fields
             Dictionary<string, Field> indexFields = index.Fields.ToDictionary(f => f.Name, StringComparer.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase);
             // Initializes the index's list of scoring profiles (if it does not exist)
             if (index.ScoringProfiles == null)
                 index.ScoringProfiles = new List<ScoringProfile>();
             // Used to determine whether a new scoring profile was created and needs to be added to the index
             bool newScoringProfile = false;
             // Checks whether the index already contains a scoring profile named 'productprofile'
             ScoringProfile scoringProfile = index.ScoringProfiles.FirstOrDefault(sp => sp.Name == "productprofile");
             // Creates a new scoring profile if it does not exist
             if (scoringProfile == null)
                 scoringProfile = new ScoringProfile
                     Name = "productprofile",
                     FunctionAggregation = ScoringFunctionAggregation.Sum,
                     TextWeights = new TextWeights(new Dictionary<string, double>())
                 // A new scoring profile was created, it needs to be added to the index
                 newScoringProfile = true;
             // Confirms that the index contains the 'skuname' field and its weight is not set yet in the scoring profile
             // Note: The 'skuname' field must be configured as 'searchable'
             if (indexFields.ContainsKey("skuname") && !scoringProfile.TextWeights.Weights.ContainsKey("skuname"))
                 // Increases the scoring weight to '3' for search items with matches in the 'skuname' field
                 scoringProfile.TextWeights.Weights.Add("skuname", 3);
             // Confirms that the index contains the 'skucreated' field
             // Note: The 'skucreated' field must be configured as 'filterable'
             if (indexFields.ContainsKey("skucreated"))
                 // Defines a freshness scoring function that boosts products created within the last two days
                 var freshnessFunction = new FreshnessScoringFunction
                     FieldName = "skucreated",
                     Boost = 3,
                     Parameters = new FreshnessScoringParameters(new TimeSpan(2, 0, 0, 0)),
                     Interpolation = ScoringFunctionInterpolation.Logarithmic
                 // Assigns the freshness function to the scoring profile
                 // Note: This sample code always overwrites any existing scoring functions in the profile
                 scoringProfile.Functions = new List<ScoringFunction>() { freshnessFunction };
             // If a new scoring profile was created and is not empty, adds it to the index
             if (newScoringProfile && scoringProfile.TextWeights.Weights.Count > 0)
  2. Save all changes and Build the SearchCustomization project.

Configure the required search settings for the fields used by the scoring profile:

  1. Open the Modules application in the Xperience administration interface.
  2. Edit the E-commerce module.
  3. Select the Classes tab, edit the SKU class.
  4. Open the Search tab (click Customize if you have not yet configured the search settings of product and page fields).
  5. Enable the following search field options in the Azure section of the grid:
    • SKUName – Content, Retrievable, Searchable
    • SKUCreated – Filterable
  6. Click Save.
  7. Open the Smart search application and Rebuild the related index.

The dg-store Azure Search index now contains the productprofile scoring profile with the specified parameters. You can use the profile to adjust the relevance of search results – specify the profile name in the SearchParameters of your search requests (see Integrating Azure Search to learn how to integrate search functionality).

using Microsoft.Azure.Search;
using Microsoft.Azure.Search.Models;


var searchParams = new Microsoft.Azure.Search.Models.SearchParameters
    ScoringProfile = "productprofile"

// Performs the search request with the specified parameters
DocumentSearchResult result = searchIndexClient.Documents.Search(searchString, searchParams);