Defining personas

Kentico EMS required

Features described on this page require the Kentico EMS license.

To help you segment your visitors better, you may need research the market. The information that you obtain throughout research helps you define personas that reliably represent your visitor base. You can then design your website to tailor each of the persona’s needs.

The ideal number of personas

The number of personas that your website needs depends on the business model that you use. In most cases, sticking to a fewer personas as possible may be the best approach. The recommended number of personas is usually 2 to 6.

Designing personas

Consider the following steps when creating personas for a website:

  1. Identify the people that represent your website visitor base, you will study these further.
  2. Research how the people that you identified work.
  3. Create behavior characteristics based on the information that you have.
  4. Categorize visitors based on the behavior patterns that you created.
  5. Develop complete personas based on the groups that you identified. Use the information that you gathered to describe the personas as much as you can. You can include the following information:
    • Narrative description
    • The personas’ usual workflow
    • Behavioral patterns
    • Technical skills
  6. Create the personas in the Personas application.
  7. Make sure the people that get to work with these personas get acquainted with the personas and understand them.

Creating a new persona in the system

  1. Open the Personas application.

  2. Click New persona.

  3. Fill in the Persona name and Description.

  4. Define a Point threshold that contacts have to reach to be assigned to the persona. You will define the rules for this threshold later.

    See how contacts are assigned to personas to set the right threshold

    Every contact can only be in a single persona at a time. The system assigns each contact to the persona the contact fits the most. For example:

    • You have two personas in the system, a Patient persona (Point threshold 90) and a Visitor persona (Point threshold 100).
    • A contact reaches 98 points for the Patient persona and 112 points for the Visitor persona.
    • The system evaluates that the contact exceeds the Point threshold for the Patient persona by ~8.8% and for the Visitor persona by 12%.
    • The system assigns the contact to the Visitor persona as it exceeds this persona’s Point threshold more than it does for the Patient persona.
  5. Select image for the persona.

    Managing the available persona images

    Administrators can manage the existing persona images in Modules (application) -> Personas -> Classes -> Persona -> Thumbnails.

  6. Save the persona. The system creates the persona.

Now that you created a persona, continue to defining rules for it.

Defining persona rules

Each persona needs to have at least one rule. Rules define the criteria that contacts have to meet in order to be assigned to a persona.

Generally, there are two types of rules:

  • Explicit - such as contact’s age, gender, origin. For example, you may want your Foreigner persona to have a rule that assigns points to contacts if they visit your website from abroad.
  • Implicit - activities that contacts make on the website, For example, you may want your Visitor persona to have a rule that assigns points to contacts if they visit your ‘Getting here’ page.

To define a persona rule

  1. In the Personas application, Edit the persona for which you want to create a rule.
  2. Switch to the Rules tab.
  3. Click on New rule.
  4. Specify the following:
    • Rule name - name used in the system.
    • Points - define the amount of points that a contacts receive once they meet the criteria of this rule. Once contacts reach the point limit defined for this persona, they are assigned to the persona.
    • Rule type - Select one of the following:
      • Attribute - an explicit (static) characteristic of the contact. For example, the state or country the contact lives in.
      • Activity - an implicit characteristic. That is, an activity that the contact performs on the site. For example, making a purchase or submitting a form.
      • Macro - a macro condition that the contact has to fulfill to obtain points for this rule. You can create complex macros that combine both attribute and activity type of rules in one condition.
    • Rule settings - specific properties of the selected Rule type.
  5. Click on Save to confirm the new rule.

The system creates the rule. Contacts that meet the criteria of the rule are now assigned the according amount of Points.