BasicUniView

The BasicUniView control displays items from a data source based on specified templates. Provides support for displaying data in a hierarchical structure from grouped data sources.

Grouped data sources

Grouped data sources are represented by the GroupedDataSource class. A grouped data source takes a standard data source, such as a DataSet, and categorizes the data items into hierarchy levels according to the values of specified columns.

You can use the BasicUniView with any bindable data source — not only Kentico data and objects.

Inherits from: UniView
Web part equivalent (portal engine): Basic universal viewer

Tip: If you want to display pages from Kentico, you can use the CMSUniView control, which has built-in support for loading Kentico pages.

On this page

Getting started

The following is a step-by-step tutorial that shows how to display all CMS.MenuItem pages from the sample Corporate Site in a hierarchical structure using the BasicUniView control:

  1. Create a new Web form in your web project.
  2. Drag the BasicUniView control from the toolbox onto the form.
  3. Add the following code marked by the BasicUniView templates comments between the <cms:BasicUniView> tags:

    <cms:BasicUniView ID="BasicUniView1" runat="server">
    
    	<%-- BasicUniView templates -------------------------------------------------------------- --%>    
    
    	<ItemTemplate>
    		<li>        
    			<%# HTMLHelper.HTMLEncode(Convert.ToString(Eval("NodeName"))) %>
    			<cms:SubLevelPlaceHolder runat="server" ID="plcSub" />
    		</li>
    	</ItemTemplate>
    
    	<AlternatingItemTemplate>
    		<li>    
    			<font color="#999999">    
    				<%# HTMLHelper.HTMLEncode(Convert.ToString(Eval("NodeName"))) %>
    			</font>
    			<cms:SubLevelPlaceHolder runat="server" ID="plcSub" />    
    		</li>        
    	</AlternatingItemTemplate>
    
    	<HeaderTemplate>
    		<ul>
    	</HeaderTemplate>
    
    	<FooterTemplate>
    		</ul>
    	</FooterTemplate>
    
    	<%-- BasicUniView templates -------------------------------------------------------------- --%>        
    
    </cms:BasicUniView> 

    This sets the templates used when displaying the menu items. The control uses inline code to insert the values of items into the template. This process is repeated for all records in the data source.

    The SubLevelPlaceHolder specifies where exactly the control inserts child levels in the output code. For items that have descendants in the hierarchy, the control renders the child level instead of the placeholder (including the header and footer template for the new level).



  4. Switch to the web form's code behind and add the following references:

    using System.Data;
    
    using CMS.DocumentEngine;
    using CMS.Helpers;
    using CMS.Base;
  5. Add the following code the Page_Load method:

    // Creates a DataSet containing all menu item pages in the system
    DataSet ds = TreeHelper.SelectNodes("/%", false, "CMS.MenuItem", "", "NodeLevel, NodeOrder", -1, true);
    
    // Checks that the DataSet isn't empty
    if (!DataHelper.DataSourceIsEmpty(ds))
    {
        // Creates a GroupedDataSource from the ds DataSet
        GroupedDataSource gpd = new GroupedDataSource(ds, "NodeParentID", "NodeLevel");
    
        // Specifies the column that the data uses as an identifier (to determine parent-child relationships)
        this.BasicUniView1.RelationColumnID = "NodeID";
    
        // Binds the DataSet to the BasicUniView control
        this.BasicUniView1.DataSource = gpd;
        this.BasicUniView1.DataBind();
    }

    This code reads pages from the database, saves them in a DataSet and then groups them according to the NodeID of their parent page and determines their level in the hierarchy according to their NodeLevel. The grouped data source is then assigned to the BasicUniView control.



  6. Save the changes to the web form and its code behind file.
  7. Right-click the web form in the Solution explorer and select View in Browser.

The resulting page displays a hierarchical list of pages.

Configuration

You can set the following properties for the BasicUniView control:

Property name

Description

Sample value

AlternatingRange

Indicates how often the AlternatingItemTemplate should be used. (Inherited from UniView)

 

AlternatingStartPosition

Indicates the item number from which the AlternatingItemTemplate should start being used. (Inherited from UniView)

 

DataBindByDefaultIndicates whether the control automatically performs data binding during the Init event. 

DataSource

The object from which the list of data items is retrieved.

 

HideControlForZeroRowsIndicates whether the control should be hidden when no data is loaded. The default value is False. 

HideHeaderAndFooterForSingleItem

If enabled, the BasicUniView does not render the content of the HeaderTemplate and FooterTemplate for levels that only contain a single item. (Inherited from UniView)

 

HierarchicalDisplayMode

Sets the hierarchical display mode. Inner generates sub-levels inside the level above, Separate generates sub-levels outside of the upper levels. (Inherited from UniView)

"Inner"
"Separate"

OuterData

Data generated in the HeaderTemplate and FooterTemplate. (Inherited from UniView)

 

PagerDataItem

Gets or sets the pager data item object. (Inherited from UniView)

 

PagerForceNumberOfResults

If set, the DataSet containing paged items is not modified by the pager, but the pager itself behaves as if the amount of paged items were identical to this value. The value must be set to -1 for the property to be disabled.

(Inherited from UniView)

 

RelatedDataCustom data connected to the object. 

RelationColumnID

Specifies the name of the column that the source data uses as an identifier (to determine parent-child relationships).

"NodeID"

SelectedItemColumnName

The name of the column that should be used for to find out which item is currently selected.

(Inherited from UniView)

"DocumentID"

SelectedItemValue

The item whose column specified by the SelectedItemColumn property matches the value of this property will be designated as the currently selected item.

Typically, you will need to insert a Macro expression in order to dynamically retrieve the appropriate value from the current context.

(Inherited from UniView)

"{%currentpageinfo.documentid%}"

Transformations

Allows you to assign a HierarchicalTransformations object representing a hierarchical transformation. The BasicUniView renders the source data according to the hierarchical transformation (instead of the ItemTemplates).

Note: To use a hierarchical transformation, you need to set the Transformations property before calling the BasicUniView's DataBind method.

(Inherited from UniView)

 

UseNearestItemForHeaderAndFooter
_______________________________

Indicates whether the control provides data to the item templates (or transformations) that display the header and footer content. You can work with the data inside the code of the templates.

  • Header templates use the data of the first item on the given hierarchy level.
  • Footer templates use the data of the last item on the given hierarchy level.

The control ignores this property if the OuterData property is set.

(Inherited from UniView)

 

ZeroRowsTextText shown when the control is hidden by the HideControlForZeroRows property."No records found."

Appearance and styling

You can use two different approaches to define the output format of the BasicUniView control:

You can define the following templates:

Template name

Description

Sample value

AlternatingItemTemplate
_______________________________

Template used for alternating items.

<li>
<font color="#999999">
<%# Eval("NodeName") %>
</font>
<cms:SubLevelPlaceHolder runat="server" ID="plcSub" />
</li>

FirstItemTemplate

Template for the first item on every level in the hierarchy. Only applied to levels that contain more than one item.

 

FooterTemplate

Template rendered at the end of every level (after the last item on the level). Can be used to close encapsulating elements from the HeaderTemplate.

</ul>

HeaderTemplate

Template rendered at the beginning of every level (before the first item on the level). Allows you to visually separate or style individual levels.

<ul>

ItemTemplate

Template used for all standard items, that are not covered by a specialized template (e.g. alternating items, first items).

<li>
<%# Eval("NodeName") %>
<cms:SubLevelPlaceHolder runat="server" ID="plcSub" />
</li>

LastItemTemplate

Template for the last item on every level in the hierarchy. Only applied to levels that contain more than one item.

 

SeparatorTemplate

Template rendered between items on the same level. The UniView does not place the separator between items on different hierarchy levels (i.e. between a parent item and its child).

 

SingleItemTemplate

Template applied in cases where there is only one item on a level in the hierarchy.

 

Setting the location of sublevels

When displaying hierarchical data, you can add a placeholder that specifies the position of sublevels inside the code of item templates:

<cms:SubLevelPlaceHolder runat="server" ID="plcSub" />

For items that have descendants in the hierarchy, the placeholder is replaced by the child level under the given item (including the header and footer for the new level). If you do not add the sublevel placeholder, the system automatically renders child levels after the code of parent items.

You can add the placeholder into any type of item template (Item, AlternatingItem, FirstItem, LastItem, SingleItem).

Note: To use the sublevel placeholder, the HierarchicalDisplayMode property of the control must be set to Inner (this is the default state).