Using a dynamic data source with selector components

In some instances, selector form components may benefit from a dynamic source of data. For example, if you need to enable selection from a list of objects, pages, custom table items, or other volatile data.

Connecting a drop-down list to a dynamic data source

The following example demonstrates how to connect a drop-down list form component to a dynamic data source:

  1. Open your project in Visual Studio.
  2. Create a new form component, and register it in the system.
  3. In the model class:
    1. Inherit from SelectorFormComponent<TProperties>.
    2. Override the IEnumerable<SelectListItem> GetItems method and implement your data retrieval logic.
    3. (Optional) Cache the results of the operation.

    CustomDropDownComponent.cs
    using System.Web.Mvc;
    using System.Linq;
    using System.Collections.Generic;
    
    using CMS.DocumentEngine;
    
    using Kentico.Forms.Web.Mvc;
    
    using LearningKit.FormBuilder.FormComponents;
    using LearningKit.FormBuilder.FormComponentProperties;
    
    
    [assembly: RegisterFormComponent(CustomDropDownComponent.IDENTIFIER, typeof(CustomDropDownComponent), "Drop-down with custom data", IconClass = "icon-menu")]
    
    namespace LearningKit.FormBuilder.FormComponents
    {
        public class CustomDropDownComponent : SelectorFormComponent<CustomDropDownComponentProperties>
        {
            public const string IDENTIFIER = "CustomDropDownComponent";
    
    
            // Retrieves data to be displayed in the selector
            protected override IEnumerable<SelectListItem> GetItems()
            {
                // Perform data retrieval operations here
                // The following example retrieves all pages of the 'DancingGoatMvc.Article' page type 
                // located under the 'Articles' section of the Dancing Goat sample website
                DocumentQuery query = DocumentHelper.GetDocuments("DancingGoatMvc.Article")
                                    .Path("/Articles/", PathTypeEnum.Children)
                                    .Columns("DocumentName", "DocumentGUID")
                                    .OnSite("DancingGoatMvc")
                                    .Culture("en-us")
                                    .LatestVersion();
    
                var sampleData = query.TypedResult.Select(x => new { Name = x.DocumentName,
                                                                     Guid = x.DocumentGUID.ToString() });
    
                // Iterates over retrieved data and transforms it into SelectListItems
                foreach (var item in sampleData)
                {
                    var listItem = new SelectListItem()
                    {
                        Value = item.Guid,
                        Text = item.Name
                    };
    
                    yield return listItem;
                }
            }
        }
    }

  4. In the properties class, inherit from SelectorProperties. Optionally, you can implement additional properties required for further customization.

    CustomDropDownComponentProperties.cs
    using Kentico.Forms.Web.Mvc;
    
    
    namespace LearningKit.FormBuilder.FormComponentProperties
    {
        public class CustomDropDownComponentProperties : SelectorProperties
        {
            // Implement any required custom properties here
        }
    }

  5. Create a new _CustomDropDownComponent view under ~/Views/Shared/FormComponents that renders a drop-down list populated with the retrieved data. 

    _CustomDropDownComponent.cshtml
    @using Kentico.Forms.Web.Mvc
    @using LearningKit.FormBuilder.FormComponents
    
    @model CustomDropDownComponent
    
    @{
        var htmlAttributes = ViewData.GetEditorHtmlAttributes();
    }
    
    @* Invoking a Get operation on the component's 'Items' property executes the GetItems method. *@
    @Html.DropDownListFor(x => x.SelectedValue, Model.Items, null, htmlAttributes)
    The SelectedValue and Items properties, inherited from SelectorFormComponent<TProperties>, hold the value selected by a user, and the list of items to be displayed in the drop-down list, respectively.

The form component dynamically retrieves the specified data when instantiated and populates the corresponding drop-down selector.


Was this page helpful?